The Major Brazilian Ecosystems (continued)

The Major Brazilian Ecosystems (continued)

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The sandbank is typical of the Brazilian coast. The beings that inhabit this ecosystem live in sandy soil, rich in salts. Part of this soil is submerged by the high tide. In this ecosystem we find animals such as flour marsh, beach beetle, black widow, sparrow hawk, burrowing owl, bloodshot and frog, among others. As examples of plants characteristic of the restinga we can mention: sumaré, zucchini, sugar, bromeliads, cacti, crown friar, aroeirinha, jurema and cattail.

flour and crown


The Brazilian coast has, from Amapá to Santa Catarina, a narrow forest called mangrove or mangrove. This ecosystem develops mainly in the estuary and at the mouth of the rivers, where there is brackish water and a place partially sheltered from the action of the waves, but open to receive sea water. The soils are muddy and rich in nutrients. Mangroves are natural shelters and nurseries for many species of crabs, fish and birds. They have a small number of tree species that have root-struts. These roots are so called because they are able to fix the plants in muddy soil.

anchor roots


The cerrado occurs mainly in the Midwest region. The vegetation is composed of twisted and small shrubs, being the main species: araçá, murici, buriti and indaiá. It is the habitat of the maned wolf, giant anteater, jaguar, etc.


Giant Anteater

Atlantic forest

This ecosystem extends from the Rio Grande do Norte region to the south of the country. It has tall trees and dense vegetation, little empty space. It is one of the most diverse areas of living things on the planet. There are plants such as redwood, ipe-purple, angico, manacá-da-serra and cambuci, and several species of animals, such as the jaguar, the tapir, the white-lipped, the hawk and the tamarin. Golden Lion.

Araucaria Forest

The Araucaria forest is located in the sub-tropical region of southern Brazil, with the lowest temperatures. Among other types of trees is the Parana pine, also known as Araucaria. Of its fauna we highlight, besides the rhea, the largest bird of the Americas, the blue jay, the armadillo, the coati and the wildcat.


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