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It was once the great Brazilian coastal forest. It went from Rio Grande do Norte to Rio Grande do Sul. In some places it entered the continent, such as Paraná, where it occupied 98% of Paranaense territory.
It was also the richest Brazilian biome in biodiversity. It is still in terms of km². Today is the most devastated of our biomes. About 7% of its vegetation remains. They are isolated spots, often without communication with each other. Some speak only 5%.
The Atlantic Forest is the most striking example of the predatory development model of this country. It was along him that the Brazil wood was sacked and then the sugarcane plantations, so many other monocultures, besides the industrial complex were installed. Those who live where this biome was once often do not even know its traces, its devastation.
O Atlantic Forest Biome occupies 1,110,182 km², or 13.04% of the national territory. It covers entirely three states - Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro and Santa Catarina - and 98% of Paraná, as well as portions of 11 other federation units.
Approximately 70% of the Brazilian population lives in the area of this biome, close to 120 million people. As precarious as it may be, it is from this biome that this population depends on drinking water and having a still mild climate.